What is CRGS?

CRGS logoCritical Race, Gender and Sexuality Studies (CRGS) is an undergraduate program focused on the critical examination of race, class, gender, sexuality, dis/ability and nation as intersecting categories of identity, oppression and resistance.  As a community of scholars, teachers and learners from the interdisciplinary fields of ethnic studies, women’s studies and multicultural queer studies, we aim to create a just and sustainable world by analyzing systems of inequality and strategies for resistance. Our critical approach is intersectional and comparative; our focus is local, national, and transnational.  This knowledge engenders transformative practices in research, creative work, and community activism.

Enacting CouRaGeouS scholarship means:

  • Creating a just and sustainable world, for the earth and all of its inhabitants.
  • Critiquing and ultimately eradicating systems and ideologies of inequality.
  • Collaborating across disciplines, across social positions, and across geographic localities.

Please join us in courageously building coalitional spaces of transformative knowledge production and in the long-term work of creating a more just world.

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CRGS Statement in Support of Black Lives

Critical Race, Gender & Sexuality Studies at Cal Poly Humboldt joins the global movement in defense of Black life. We affirm our solidarity with Black Lives Matter and Black communities everywhere. We mourn the lives and demand justice for Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery, George Floyd, Tony McDade, and all Black people who have been killed and terrorized by police brutality and the carceral state. 

As a department rooted in social justice, we are committed to using education to fight systemic racism that perpetuates violence against Black lives and to further coalition-building across communities. We are moved by the uprising of people and their collective solidarity, outrage, and despair which have filled and transformed the streets of this country and the world. We invite our students, alumni, faculty, staff, and local community to resist and work to dismantle white supremacy. It is essential that we get -- and stay -- involved with movements for Black lives, donate to critical funds, demand transparency and justice from elected officials, and support community efforts for transformative long-term change. Let's mobilize and organize. 

Here are some key resources and ways to defend Black lives. 


AAPF Statement on Bodily Autonomy - June 24, 2022

Today, an illegitimate Supreme Court—stacked with radical conservative justices who lied to Congress about their adherence to the precedents confirming our civil and reproductive rights—advanced their plan to undermine the right to equal protection under the law and the right to bodily autonomy.

To say we are outraged by the immoral and constitutionally questionable opinions from the Supreme Court in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Services is an understatement. Make no mistake: to rip vital abortion care out of the hands of millions of Americans who may need it is a devastating act of political violence. It will also be disproportionately lethal to Black and poor women who now will lose their already-limited access to abortions.

“We have barely emerged from a week of commemoration of emancipation in which the legacy of coerced pregnancy that was the foundation of enslavement and the source of the profits in the slave trade has yet to be addressed. The consequence of our society’s failure to see coerced pregnancy as a legacy of enslavement has descended once again upon Black women and all pregnant people with lethal force. Had the project of liberation from enslavement been rooted in this recognition, then coerced childbirth would have been prohibited as a foundational principle of freedom. The incompleteness of our conceptions of liberty thus harken back to the unspeakable past and stretch forward into this painful moment, proving once again that the intersections of patriarchy, racism, and heteronormativity will continue to undermine the freedoms that we all take for granted unless we learn how to address them simultaneously. Our response must not be siloed to a problem that is historically and continuously interconnected."

– Kimberlé Crenshaw, AAPF Executive Director.

In his concurrence, Justice Clarence Thomas telegraphed what those in the movement already knew: the Supreme Court will not just stop at overturning Roe v. Wade. They are going to come after every legally settled right and precedent previously set by the Supreme Court that protects marginalized Americans. They will take away the right to access contraception. They will take away the right to protections from workplace harassment for LGBTQ+ Americans and the right to gay marriage.

To fight back we must avoid the mountains of recrimination in the days that will seek to blame one constituency, condition, or individual for this moment. To see the scale of this threat clearly—and to meet it with a single unified movement for intersectional justice and equity—we must understand that this is the outcome of a sustained ideological initiative on the right to unravel core democratic freedoms—racial equity, gender justice, and individual liberty—all in one intellectual, judicial, and political revolution.

Every time we have collectively failed to see how the fabric of our collective existence is tied to the protections of our freedoms has been a moment that has contributed to this profound loss. The reality is that this attack on our body politic has metastasized over a generation, leading to the current state of minority tyranny of the will of the majority of voters. The upshot is that this undemocratic, unelected body has aligned itself with a radical right agenda that is driving us to the brink of autocracy.

No unelected body should have the power to strip people of their human right to autonomy, especially an institution as plagued by controversy, illegitimacy, and naked partisanship as the United States Supreme Court. When we demand bodily autonomy, we do not just mean over our reproductive organs—we mean autonomy from the violence of the state and extrajudicial killings by the police; we mean autonomy over our gender and our sexual experiences; we mean autonomy over our families and the right to raise our children in safe and supported communities.

We at AAPF strongly believe that the post-slavery amendments to our Constitution gave us the guiding principles to achieve our aspirations for a multiracial society, free from the illiberties, coercion, and violence that characterized our first founding. It is the vision of these, the second founders—the men and women who fought for freedom and who loosened the grip of enslavement and tyranny—that must guide us in the coming years.

The struggle ahead of us will be one of the most difficult we have faced as a nation. We are committed to this fight, and we hope you will be there with us.

AAPF Statement on the Mass Shooting in Uvalde, Texas

Yesterday’s horrific massacre of 21 people—19 of them elementary school children—in Uvalde, Texas, has sparked widespread grief and outrage, together with a grim and sickeningly familiar awareness that our political system is unlikely to respond to the country’s permanent epidemic of gun violence in any meaningful way. The Uvalde killings come just 10 days after another 18-year-old shooter massacred 10 African Americans in Buffalo, New York—a brutal assault that was the latest in a long line of shootings carried out under the hateful and racist teachings of the Great Replacement Theory.

As painful as it is to absorb the impact of these two devastating events so close together in time, it’s crucial that we don’t view them in isolation. Indeed, it speaks volumes about the woefully inadequate and unserious character of our public discourse that the horror of the Buffalo attack was already fading from the news cycle at the time of the Uvalde shooting.

As we at AAPF have insisted, these attacks are not “lone wolf”-style assaults, somehow out of line with the broad sweep of America’s history and moral make-up. The attack in Uvalde appears to have been an intra-racial assault, but there is a clear throughline that connects these mass shootings, and many others: the fantastical belief in individual gun ownership as the ultimate protection of liberty—a faith that is grounded in the profound insecurities of a white-dominated nation founded on racialized theft and genocidal violence. Any effort to learn about this history is a direct threat to the taken-for-granted dimensions of the racial order—and today’s American right systematically treats it as such.

In Texas, the Uvalde shooter was able to purchase a pair of assault weapons on his 18th birthday under the state’s extremely lax “open carry” law. Texas GOP Gov. Greg Abbott—the same leader who created this lethal situation—claims to have protected school children by signing legislation banning the teaching of the 1619 project and critical race theory in the state’s K-12 schools. Right-wing political leaders throughout the country have made it clear that they prefer teenagers to have lethal weaponry than to know the simple truths of our racial past. CRT bans and the proliferation of open-carry laws are bound together by the vision of a society forever armed against racialized “others”—and a fabricated version of our past designed to leave that social order intact.

This same dynamic—pitting a racial vision of libertarian power and impunity against the demands of simple justice—routinely plays out on Capitol Hill, where tragedies like Buffalo and Uvalde briefly spark renewed debate about federal gun control legislation, only to founder under the familiar weight of gun-lobby campaign contributions and the veto power held by a right-wing Senate caucus under the exercise of the filibuster. The filibuster itself, of course, is rooted in the consolidation of white supremacist power, and continues to thwart basic demands of racial justice and democratic equity well into the twenty-first century. As the tragic massacres in Buffalo and Uvalde make abundantly clear, the filibuster kills—as does the broader logic of white supremacy that treats the violent extermination of peoples, livelihoods, and cultural traditions as the tolerable outgrowth of business-as-usual in America’s racialized social order.

These critical connections are at the heart of the grievous crisis gripping our country—but unless and until we are empowered to engage with them seriously and deeply across all our public institutions, from school classrooms to state legislatures to courtrooms, we will be condemned to be helpless bystanders before the violent gutting of our multiracial democracy.

Understanding and grappling with our history—critically and fully—is how we change its trajectory. And this is precisely why the same right-wing demagogues who refuse to stop the bloodletting want to censor our ability to understand its origins. We have to understand these intersections to resist the whole of it, together. The stakes of preserving and sustaining our multiracial democracy are nothing less than our own and our children’s lives.

AAPF Statement on the Buffalo Massacre

The African American Policy Forum sends our deepest condolences to the families of the ten Black Americans murdered in the racially motivated attack this past weekend in Buffalo, New York. Our prayers are with all the victims of this outrage. We honor the names of those slain:

Roberta A. Drury of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 32
Margus D. Morrison of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 52
Andre Mackneil of Auburn, N.Y. – age 53
Aaron Salter of Lockport, N.Y. – age 55
Geraldine Talley of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 62
Celestine Chaney of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 65
Heyward Patterson of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 67
Katherine Massey of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 72
Pearl Young of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 77
Ruth Whitfield of Buffalo, N.Y. – age 86

We also acknowledge the collective trauma that these murders have visited upon the Black community along with all marginalized populations. The Buffalo massacre drives home for millions of us the horrifying reality that we must once again live under the threat that racial terrorism can take our lives at any place, at any time.

It is a threat that many of this weekend’s victims were born into, lived through, and surely hoped was behind them.

In 1936, the year that 86-year-old Ruth Whitfield was born, the symbol of the NAACP’s nationwide campaign against racial terror was a banner hung from the window of its New York office every day a Black person was lynched. That year alone, eight Black people were lynched, and countless more lost their lives to other forms of racially motivated violence.

The passage of time has amplified the belief that the virulent racism of the past would eventually become a relic of it. As the twentieth century concluded, many believed that the formal repudiation of white supremacist values embodied in our law and our culture would support a truly multiracial democracy and that Black people could go about their daily lives without the worry that their lives could be taken in a fit of racist rage. Racial terrorism would die out with the generations weaned on it—or so the more hopeful among us believed.

But those hopes cannot survive in a world in which an American child, born just four years before the election of President Barack Obama, was so wholly indoctrinated into a lethal narrative of white victimhood that he became a weapon of Black destruction. That NAACP banner from the early 20th century has become unmoored from a distant and forsaken past in the nightmare now before us. No longer a historical marker of outgrown bigotries, hatreds, and terror, it flashes across our consciousness in this here-and-now moment of collective grief. This symbol of the past reminds us that if our nation cannot confront the imperative of dismantling white supremacy root and branch, the bloodletting will not end with the terror inflicted last weekend.

To label the white supremacist attack at Tops Friendly Market as a mass lynching might seem to be an inapt use of the term. After all, lynching is typically a mob activity, an act of brutal savagery that reflects the bloodlust of dozens, hundreds, or thousands of people. Its gruesome images stand as an everlasting indictment of the nation, demonstrating in terrifying immediacy that the land of the free and home of the brave has never been that for the descendants of the enslaved.

At the same time, it bears noting that racial terrorism is and always has been a group activity. The elements of lynchings past—the mobs that once dragged Black people through the streets, the politicians who called for blood, the local newspapers that gleefully stirred the cauldron, the moderates, North and South, who dawdled and excused while men, women, and children posed in front of tortured and mutilated bodies—are not visible in the ways they were in the past. But in the 21st century, just as the rope has been replaced by new, more lethal weapons of choice, the agents of past lynchings—the crowds, the enabling politicians, and the willfully negligent referees of public discourse—have been supplanted by a new cohort of white-supremacist ideologues who amplify their message of fear-filled aggression across the airwaves and throughout the digital mediasphere.

Predictably, some in the mainstream media have sought to contain the magnitude of this lethal spasm of racist violence by defining the perpetrators as “lone wolves” or as psychologically unstable individuals. Do not be deceived. This terrorism is a byproduct of a calculated effort to enshrine the deadliest impulses from the past into a treasure trove of right-wing power across the political landscape. Grievances grounded in a mythic America—whitewashed and sanitized to the specifications of the likes of Tucker Carlson and a retinue of funders, enablers, and consumers—underwrite a racist call to arms. For some, this is not rhetorical.

It is well known that the 18-year-old terrorist posted a hate-filled manifesto online that professed allegiance to the fascist doctrine known as the great replacement theory. White nationalist demagogues have seized upon the long-standing fable that white people are under imminent threat from an orchestrated campaign of demographic replacement by non-white people. While the name of the theory might have been imported from France, the sentiments and actions undertaken under its influence are all-American. In the U.S., the us-versus-them narrative at the root of this so-called theory has long justified racism, disenfranchisement, terrorism, and even treason as white self-defense.

This murderous brand of white supremacy has spurred mass killings of Muslims at prayer in Christchurch, New Zealand, Jews praying in synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Latinos shopping in El Paso, Texas, Black Americans in church in Charleston, South Carolina, Asian Americans in Atlanta, Georgia, and across our country—and now again, Black Americans, this time at a community grocery store in Buffalo.

White supremacy is now a mainstream article of faith in today’s Republican party. Polls show that nearly half of GOP-aligned voters endorse replacement theory, and roughly one-third of all Americans agree with a replacement-theory analysis. The normalization of white supremacy has been facilitated not only by politicians spouting white endangerment rhetoric and by the social-media platforming of white nationalism, but by mainstream media’s stolid commitment to both-sidesism and whataboutism—together with its failures to critically engage the moral panics rooted in white grievance.

In the coming days, many of those who have been silent in the face of this cynical use of racism will urge calm and understanding. They will call for the nation to engage in prayerful compassion while embracing a narrative that we are still on the way to a promised land of racial justice. Mainstream media will attend, for a short time, to the white supremacist juggernaut that has become just another political formation on the national landscape.

These sentiments will be understandable, and even welcomed. But as a people reeling now from the growing rapid re-centering of white supremacist politics, we must question what they will offer beyond sympathizing gestures? How will action meet prayers for the nation’s future?

In urging us to resist racial hatred and recrimination, will they acknowledge the impossibility of overcoming a problem deeply rooted in our soil if we cannot name it, learn its history, and understand its contemporary consequences? Will they confront head-on the challenge of fighting back if the tools, techniques, and imperatives to excavate the racial foundations on which we stand have been demonized and targeted by the same provocateurs promoting replacement theory?

Will the agendas emerging from this moment acknowledge the need to do away with the gag laws which forbid teaching our children the truth about racism in American history, its embedded inequalities, its violence, and other uncomfortable subjects? If we are to uproot this ugliness, how will the laws that have grown out of the same soil of white replacement theory be addressed?

In their focus on Tucker Carlson and Fox News, will they connect the more than 400 episodes that featured replacement theory on his show to his relentless crusade against critical race theory and the campaigns to eliminate an honest reckoning with America’s racial past and present in American public schools and workplaces?

Will they go beyond denouncing the easily visible dimensions of racism to address its ongoing structural dimensions? Will they acknowledge that white supremacy not only whetted the killer’s appetite to murder Black people but corralled them into segregated and under-resourced spaces, making their homes and neighborhoods easy hunting grounds for individual and institutional predators alike?

Anti-racism requires much more than repudiating murderous intentions or embracing proclamations of colorblindness. Dismantling the many legacies of white supremacy requires an educated and clear-eyed public, which is precisely what the purveyors of white panic are attempting to bully out of existence.

The United States can neither know nor heal itself if its self-narrative is dictated by the white nationalist right, its political and deep-pocket enablers, and those who stand aside as the march toward racialized violence and authoritarianism passes by. We cannot recover if the decision-makers, opinion leaders, elected officials, editors, and others remain silent and uninvolved in the face of the right’s effort to make anti-racism yet another casualty in their one-sided cultural war.

Racial terrorism has never existed apart from the ideologies that justified it, even if white supremacy’s more genteel advocates seek to distance themselves from it. We cannot shake our heads and hope that the emerging white supremacist juggernaut will go away without investing in the complete and accurate history of these United States that reflects our antiracist values.

This is not a feel-good luxury. Where white supremacy prevails, American democracy cannot. #TruthBeTold, we have to fight like our lives depend on it because there is no safety in a society that protects access to unlimited arms while tolerating the suppression of its inconvenient truths.

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